What is Victims of Violent Crime?

by Clayton Crowley
in Blog
on 17 June 2014
Hits: 1729

Proficient Victims of Violent Crime Attorneys, in
Albuquerque Crowley & Gribble P.C.

There are 3 victim categories:

1.primary victims

2.secondary victims

3.related victims able to apply for financial assistance.

 

Primary victims

A primary victim is a person who is injured as a direct
result of an act of violence committed against them.

For example:

•'I was injured when my partner hit me in a domestic
violence incident.'

•'I was injured when I was attacked by a stranger while
walking my dog.'

•'I was injured in a road accident and the driver was
charged with dangerous driving causing grievous bodily harm.'

•Jim was murdered by a stranger in his home. He is a primary
victim who has died as a result of an act of violence.

Special primary victim

A special primary victim is a primary victim of an act of
violence who:

•was under 18 years of age when the violence was committed

•has an impaired capacity

•is the victim of violence involving a sexual offence

•was harmed or injured by someone in a position of power,
influence or trust over the victim at the time

•is being threatened or intimidated by either the person who
committed the violence or someone else.

For example:

•'I was sexually assaulted by a friend. I went to my doctor
for a checkup and pregnancy test but was too traumatized to go to the police. I
now need financial assistance to help me recover from the incident.'

Secondary victims

A secondary victim of violence can be a parent secondary
victim or a witness secondary victim.

Parent secondary victim

A parent secondary victim is a parent who is injured as a
result of an act of violence against their child.

For example:

•'I'm a parent and I've suffered an anxiety disorder as a
result of violence against my child.'

•'I collapsed and broke my arm when the police told me that
my child was in hospital because of an act of violence.'

Witness secondary victim

A witness secondary victim is a person who is injured as a
direct result of witnessing an act of violence against another person.

They may be a witness to either a more or less serious act
of violence.

A more serious act of violence may involve murder,
manslaughter or dangerous driving causing death.

Other offences are classed as less serious acts of violence.

For example:

•'I was in my neighbor's home and I saw them being murdered.
I had a heart attack, and now I'm depressed and scared when I'm alone in my
home' (more serious act of violence).

•'I was in a petrol station when it was robbed by a man with
a gun and the attendant was assaulted. Now I suffer an anxiety disorder as a
direct result of seeing the robbery' (less serious act of violence).

Related victims

A related victim is a close family member or dependent of a
primary victim who has died as a direct result of an act of violence against
them.

A close family member of a primary victim must have had a
genuine personal relationship with the primary victim when they died. A close
family member of the primary victim may be a:

•spouse

•child

•parent or stepparent

•brother, sister, stepbrother or stepsister

•person who, under Aboriginal or Island custom, is regarded
as a person mentioned above.

For example:

•'My spouse died after being shot in an armed robbery'.

•'My son died when he was stabbed in a nightclub fight'.

•'My father died in a road accident and the other driver has
been charged with dangerous driving causing death'.

•'I relied on my daughter for financial support, and then
she was murdered and I have no way of supporting myself'.

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